A rich heritage of Indian culture oozes from the crafts and craftsmen who have chiselled the monuments into a more beautiful and exemplary art till date. Centuries have passed and various administration have destroyed it, still the monuments and historical site is wonder and beautiful to look at.
Aurangabad, is the nearest city to see Ajanta,Ellora, Daulatabad etc., Ellora is 29KM from Aurangabad. There are lot many buses plying to Ellora Caves from Central Bus Stand. ex., Kannad route.
Ghrishneswar Temple, one of the Jyoirlingas situated near Ellora caves. According to the historical records it was built in 7th Century by Rani Ahiliya Bai Holkar. It is 2km from Ellora Caves.
Ellora Caves consist of 34 caves of which several caves are not worth visiting, Caves 1 to 12 belongs to the Buddhist, the next sixteen belong to Brahmanism, caves 30 to 34 belong to Jain Group. The buddhist caves are the earliest. built-in 500 – 700 A.D.
Caves 10,11 and 12 is excellent to look at, Cave 10, the facade richly decorated has the semblance of masonry work. It is the proper Chaitya hall in Ellora. The carved roof, brings to mind the timber construction of the time. The cave temple is dedicated to Vishwakarma, the architect of the gods and the patron saint of many Indian artisans even today.A staircase leads to a large pillared court and to a gallery with a railed terrace.
Caves 11 and 12 belonging to Buddism, they are large three storey structures alike in design and represent the peak of the earlier style at Ellora. The pillars in each storey is huge and massive. we have to pay respect the artisans and crafts man.
The spectacular is Cave 16, a Brahmanical series, one would be delighted and astonished, for the carvings done in those age, with one sickle and hammer. The ten avatars of Lord Vishnu on the entrance of the cave, and greeted by the Goddess Laxmi in Padmasana flanked on either sides with beautiful elephants. on the left is the Kāma or Manmatha with the consort Rathi. The river Goddess Ganga, Jamuna and Saraswathi also greets. The Brahmanaical religion in India was based at the outset on the concept of one Supreme Being. later ages the “life force” found a dramatic expression in symbolical figures and the offshoot was a great Hindu pantheon around which grew a vast, richness of mythology. Ravana the King of Lanka, lifts the Mount Kailash. Shiva and Parvati playing Chess or Chousar. Ardhanari. etc., Depicting of Markandeya, being saved by Lord Shiva from the clutches of Yama or Death God, remarkable.
Ten Avatar’s of Lord Vishnu in the entrance
Goddess Padmavathi on Lotus bed
Ravana king of Sri Lanka lifts Kailash Mountain
Lord Ardhanari, Shiva and Parvati together
Lord Shiva known as Kailasanatha
Lord shiva hitting Lord Yama for Markandeya
The Kailashanatha Temple is a great tribute by the Rashtrakutas, who ruled the western deccan in 753 A.D. The temple was constructed by King Krishna 1 of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty in 760A.D.The work began at the Cliff top. A rectangular trench was cut downward into the rock depths.
Caves 30 to 34 are in the Jain group, it is similiar to the Brahmanical or Hindu structure. Indra and Indrani his consort are given prominence, the tirthankaras are the Gods whom the Jains worship, their idols are installed in the sanctum sanctorum. The hall is well light.